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eCENSUSIndia : Issue Number 1 : 2001

eCENSUSIndia : Issue Number 1 : 2001
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For information on the release of Census of India 2001 data in various formats as well as to familiarize the data users including research scholars, government departments, voluntary agencies, national and international agencies on the important findings of the first census of the new millennium, the Census Organisation in India is pleased to introduce e-CENSUSIndia, a monthly newsletter in electronic format. It aims to serve as an interface between the data users and the data producer. e-CENSUSIndia will be sent to all the Registered Data Users and on a limited basis to all persons corresponding with us seeking census data or census information. Suggestions and comments are invited to make the newsletter more meaningful and informative.
Census News
 

Provisional Census Results Released :

Population Totals (India/States/Districts) : Mr J K Banthia, Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India announced the provisional results of the Census of India 2001 held from 9th to 28th February 2001. This announcement made on 26th March 2001, within three weeks of completing the Revisional Rounds (1st to 5th March 2001), provided the count of the population of the country, states and union territories as on 1st March 2001. The provisional population of India as at 0:00 hrs on 1st march 2001stood at 1,027,015,247. The results declared have been published as 'Paper 1 of 2001 : Provisional Population Totals'. Population Totals of Urban and Rural areas (India/States) : The urban and rural distribution of provisional population totals as per 2001 Census were released on 20th July 2001. According to the results declared, out of a total population of 1027 million in India, about 742 million (or 72.2%) live in rural areas and 285 million (or 27.8%) live in urban areas. There has been an increase of 2.1 percentage points in the proportion of urban population in India during 1991-2001. Data Dissemination : For the first time, the entire provisional results of the Census of India, 2001, have been made available at the Census website on the Internet. The items on which provisional results have been declared at India/ States/ Districts are:                                                                                                Top

Population ( persons, males and females )
Population density
Sex ratio of child population in the age group 0-6 years ( persons, males and females)
Number of literates ( among persons, males and females )
Literacy rate ( among persons, males and females )
Population ( persons, males and females by Rural - Urban distribution )

Next Releases :

Paper 2 of 2001 : Rural Urban Distribution
Paper 3 of 2001 : Workers and Non-Workers

Data Products :

Based on the provisional results of Census of India 2001 the following publications have been released:

(Product Code PPT 001 Book)
Provisional Population Totals : India
Census of India 2001, Series 1, India , Paper 1 of 2001
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(Product Code PPT 002 CD)
Provisional Population Totals : India
Supplement : District Totals

(Product Code PPT 003 Book)
Supplement to Provisional Population Totals : India
District Totals
Census of India 2001, Series 1, India , Paper 1 of 2001 (In press)

(Product Code PPT 004 Data Sheet)
Provisional Population Totals : India
Census of India 2001, Series 1, India , Paper 1 of 2001 (Under preparation)

(Product Code PPT 005 CD)
Supplement to Provisional Population Totals : India
District Totals                                                                                        Top 
Census of India 2001, Series 1, India , Paper 1 of 2001 (Under preparation)

2001 Census Highlights :
 
Provisional Poulation of India : At 00.00 hours of 1st March, 2001 the population of India stood at 1027,015,247 comprising of 531,277,078 males and 495,738,169 females. Thus, India becomes the second country in the world after China to cross the one billion mark. The percentage decadal growth of the country as a whole has declined from 23.86 during 1981-1991 to 21.34 during 1991-2001. Thus, India has registered a fall in its decadal growth rate by 2.52 percent points, which is the sharpest decline since independence. The average annual exponential growth rate has declined from 2.14 percent in 1981-91 to 1.93 percent during 1991-2001. Among the districts Wokha of Nagaland registered 95 percent decadal growth between 1991-2001, which is the highest among all the districts. Mamit district of Mizoram has the lowest (-3.50) decadal growth. Uttar Pradesh continues to be the most populous state in the country with 16.17 percent of India's population followed by Maharashtra (9.42 percent) and Bihar (8.07 percent). At district level Medinipur of West Bengal is the largest district in India in terms of population size with 9.64 million people living there. Interestingly more people live in Medinipur district than in either Himachal Pradesh or Uttranchal. On the other extreme Serchhip district of Mizoram is smallest district in terms of population size at 55,539.                                                                                     Top 

Density of Population : India now has 57 more persons per square kilometer as compared to 1991. West Bengal is the most densely populated state in the country with 904 persons living per square kilometer followed by Bihar with 880. At district level the North East district in Union territory Delhi has the highest population density in the country with 29395 persons per square kilometer. On the other extreme the lowest density of population is in Lahul and Spiti districts of Himachal Pradesh where only two persons are living per square kilometer.

Sex Ratio : Sex ratio (the number of females per 1000 males) for India is 933 females per 1000 males, which is an improvement of 6 points over 927 recorded in 1991 Census. Like the 1991 Census, the highest sex ratio (1058) has been reported in Kerala. Haryana has reported the lowest sex ratio of 861 among the major states. One of the interesting fact that has emerged, is that the sex ratio of child population in age group 0-6 is 927. The child sex ratio in 1991 was 945. The sharpest decline in sex ratio of the child population has been observed in Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Gujarat, Uttranchal, Maharashtra and Union territory of Chandigarh. The pattern of sex ratio of the population at the district level reveals a diverse pattern. Of the total 593 districts, 324 districts record sex ratio above 933. In other words, around 55 per cent of the total districts record sex ratio above the national average. Of these 78 districts record sex ratio above 1000, there were only 45 such districts in 1991. Of the 265 districts recording sex ratio below national average, as many as 23 districts have sex ratio less than 833. In other words a further deficit of over a hundred women,comparedto the low national average is found in these districts (Supplement to Paper-I, Chapter-2).                                                                           Top 

Child Sex Ratio : The child sex ratio in the age group 0-6 at the district level reveals that 378 or 64% of the districts record higher child sex ratio than 927 recorded at the national level. There is no change in the child sex ratio in case of 9 districts. 204 districts register a lower sex ratio than recorded at the national level whereas only one district in 1991 recorded child sex ratio below 850 (Salem). An inordinately low child sex ratio of below 850 is recorded in 48 districts, which include all districts of Punjab, Haryana and some districts of Himachal Pradesh and Gujarat. Another highlight of the district level data relates to glaring decline in child sex ratio in as many as 456 districts as compared to 1991. Literacy Rates :The literacy rates among the population seven years and above for the country stands at 65.38 percent. The corresponding figures for males and females are 75.85 and 54.16 percent respectively. In other words three-fourths of the male population and more than half of the female population in the country are literate today. Thus, the literacy recorded an impressive jump of 13.17 percentage points from 52.21 in 1991 to 65.38 in 2001. The increase of literacy rates among males and females are 11.72 and 14.87 percentage points respectively. It is heartening to observe that the gap in males and females literacy rates has decreased from 24.84 in 1991 census to 21.70 percentage point in 2001.                                                              Top 

Kerala continues its lead in the literacy rate with 90.92 percent followed by Mizoram 88.49 and Lakshadweep 87.52 per cent. Bihar has recorded the lowest literacy rate of 47.53 per cent in the country. Aizawl district of Mizoram tops the chart at district level with the highest literacy rate of 96.6 per cent while Dantewara district of Chhatisgarh is at the bottom with 30 percent literacy rate. Among the males highest literacy rate has been recorded at Mahe district of Pondicheery 96.7 per cent and the lowest in the Dantewara district of Chhatisgarh 39.6 per cent. Female literacy rates are highest in Aizawl district of Mizoram 96.1 and the lowest in Kishanganj district of Bihar 18.5 per cent.

One of the most significant aspects of literacy data thrown up by the Provisional Population Totals of Census of India, 2001, is that for the first time since independence the absolute number of illiterates have shown a decline. The decline is as large as 31.96 million during 1991-2001. This decline among males was 21.45 million and 10.51 million among females. (Source: Provisional Population Totals - Paper-1 and Supplement to Paper-1 Census of India, 2001).

Rural - Urban Distribution of Population : Out of the total population of 1027 million as on 1st March, 2001, about 742 million live in rural areas and 285 million in urban areas. The net addition of population in rural areas during 1991-2001 has been to the tune of 113 million while in urban areas it is 68 million. The percentage decadal growth of population in rural and urban areas during the decade is 17.9 and 31.2 percent respectively.                                                                             Top

The percentage urban population to the total population of the country stands at 27.8. The percentage of urban population to total population in the 1991 Census (including interpolated population of Jammu & Kashmir where Census could not be conducted in 1991 Census) was 25.7 percent. Thus, there has been an increase of 2.1 percentage points in the proportion of urban population in the country during 1991-2001.

Among all the States and Union territories, the National Capital Territory of Delhi is most urbanized with 93 percent urban population followed by Union territory of Chandigarh (89.8 percent) and Pondicherry (66.6 percent).

Among the major States, Tamil Nadu is the most urbanized state with 43.9 percent of the population living in urban areas followed by Maharashtra (42.4 percent) and Gujarat (37.4 percent). The proportion of urban population is the lowest in Bihar with 10.5 percent, followed by Assam (12.7 percent) and Orissa (14.9 percent). Himachal Pradesh is the least urbanized (9.8 percent) state among all the States and Union territories in the country as per Census 2001.

In terms of absolute number of persons living in urban areas, Maharashtra leads with 41 million persons which is 14 percent of the total urban population of the country. Uttar Pradesh accounts for about 35 million followed by Tamil Nadu 27 million.
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