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Housing

Housing

  Information on housing stock and its condition collected during each census reveals condition of living of the people. According to Census 2001, 187 million hoses have been reported t be used residence or residence-cum-other use by about 192 million households. Thus more than one house holds has been reported from some of the houses. The condition of nearly 94 million of these houses has been reported as ‘Good’, nearly 83 million as ‘Livable’ and 10 million as ‘Dilapidated’. This large number of households living in ‘Dilapidate’. House surely needs immediate attention.

   TABLE 14: CONDITIONS OF CENSUS HOUSE
Conditions
Number
%
Total households
187
100.0
Good
94
50.3
Livable
83
44.5
Disapidated
10
5.2
Source : Housing Tables, Census fo India 2001

 

   About 38 million households have concrete roof on their house; nearly 63 million have tiled roof and another 53 million have ‘Grass’ thatch, etc, as the material for the roof. For wall, nearly 84 million households have reported use of ‘Burnt brick’ and about 62 million ‘Mud / Unburnt brick’. Nearly 110 million households have mud flooring and about 51 million cement flooring. Only about 14 million households have floor of mosaic and floor of mosaic and floor tiles.

    Houses have been classified as permanent, Semi permanent or Temporary based on the type of material use in construction of wall and roof. Nearly 99 million of the 187 million houses are of Permanent category, 58 million semi-permanent and 35 million temporary. Nearly 22 million of the temporary houses have been reported as ‘Serviceable’ while the balance 13 million are ‘Non serviceable’ depending on whether the wall of house was ‘mud’, unburnt bricks or wood’ or ‘grass’ thatch, bamboo, etc., or plastic or polythene.

                                                                                                                  TABLE 15: MATERIAL OF HOUSE

No. of households
(In million)
Percentage
Roof:
Total number of households
192
100.0
Concrete
38
19.8
Tiles
63
32.6
Grass, thatch, bamboo, wood, mud, etc.
42
21.9
Others
49
25.7
Wall :
Burn brick
84
43.7
Mud, unburnt brick
62
32.2
Grass, thatch, bamboo, wood, etc.
21
10.2
Others
25
13.9
Floor :
Mosaic, Floor tiles
14
7.3
Cement
51
26.5
Mud
110
57.1
Others
17
9.1
Source : Housing Tables, Census of India 2001.