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Availability of Eminities And Assets

Availability of Eminities And Assets

    The quality of life of persons depends, among other factors, upon the amenities and assets available to them. Though remarkable achievements have been made in extending basic amenities to them. Though remarkable achievements have been made in extending basic amenities to the people in the country, there are still large areas of deprivation, which requires urgent attention.

 

TABLE 16: NUMBER OF DWELLING ROOMS:

                                          No. fo Households (in million)
%
Total households
191.9
100.0
No exclusive room
6.0
3.1
One room
73.9
38.5
Two room
57.6
30.0
Three room
27.5
14.3
More than three room
27.0
14.1
Source of drinking water :
Total households
191.9
100.0
Within premises
74.8
39.0
Near premises
85.1
44.3
Away
32.0
16.7
Handpump / Tubewell
79.1
41.2
Tap
70.4
36.7
Well
34.9
18.2
Other
7.5
3.9
Source of lighting :
Total households
191.9
100.0
Electricity
107.2
55.8
Kerosene
83.1
43.3
Other
1.0
0.9
No lighting
0.6
-
Availibility fo bathroom, latrine & kitchen :
Total households :
191.9
100.0
Bathroom available within the house
69.4
36.1
Latrine available within the house
69.9
36.4
Ketchen available within the house
122.9
64.0
Source : Housing Tables, Census of India 2001


     The census 2001 collected data on amenities and assets available to each household in the country. Highlight from the data collected are as follows:

· 74 million (38.5%) households, out of 192 million households in the country have only one dwelling room for living.
· Drinking water facility is available within the premise to 75 million (39.0%) households only.
· 32 million (16.7%) households have to fetch drinking water from sources which are at least 500 meters away in case of towns.
· Hand pump/Tube well is the most popular source of drinking water reported to be used by 79 million (41.2%) households.
· Electricity as the source of lighting is available to 107 million (55.8%) households.
· Only 69 million households (36.1%) have bathroom within the house.
· 123 million (64.0%) households do not have latrine within the house.
· Fire wood is still the mostly used source for fuel for cooking reported by 101 million (52.5%) house holds in the country.
· LPG as fuel for cooking is used by 34 million (17.5%) household.
· Availability of assets portrays a varied picture. Whereas 67 million (35.1%) households have Radio or Transistor, Television is   available to 61 million (31.6%) households in the country.
· There are 84 million (43.7%) households owning bicycles.
· About 5 million (2.5%) households in the country own at least one car, Jeep or Van.
· 66 million (34.5%) households do not have any of the specified assets in Census 2001.
· 68 million (35.5%) households avail banking facility in the country.

 

                                                                 TABLE 17: FUEL USED FOR COOKING

Conditions
Number
%
Total Households
191.9
100.0
Fire wood
100.8
52.5
LPG
33.6
17.5
Crop residue
19.2
10.0
Cow dung cake
18.8
9.8
Source : Housing Tables, Census of India 2001

 

                                                                       TABLE 18 : ASSETS AVAILABLE

Condition
Number
%
Total households
191.9
100.0
Radio, Transistor
67.4
35.1
Television
60.6
31.6
Telephone
17.5
9.1
Bicycle
83.8
43.7
Scooter,Motor cycle, Moped
22.5
11.5
Car, Jeep, Van
4.8
2.5
None of the above assets
66.2
34.5
Availing banking services
68.2
35.5
Source : Housing tables, Census of India 2001

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