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Age Structure And Marital Status

Age Structure And Marital Status

   Age- sex structure is one of the most important characteristics of population composition. Almost all population characteristics vary significantly with age. Age statistics form an important component of population analysis, as most of the analysis is based on age-sex structure of the population. The usefulness of age data is more noticeable when it is cross classified by variables like marital status, literacy educational attainment, economic activity which vary with age in different patterns.

   Apart from purely demographic concerns, the age- sex data structure is required for age specific analysis of data for planning, scientific, technical and commercial purposes. The dependency ratio, which is the ratio of economically active to economically inactive persons, is dependent on age composition.

   India has one of the largest proportions of population in the younger age groups in the world. 35.3% of the population of the country has been in the age group 0-14 years at the Census 2001. 41% of the population account for less than 18 years of age.

   Census 2001 data on marital status of persons show that out of over a billion population of the country, 513 million (49.8%) have reported ad ‘Never married’, mainly due to high proportion of young people. The ‘Married’ constitute about 45.6% of the total population.

TABLE 6: POPULATION IN DIFFERENT AGE GROUPS AND
THEIR PROPORTIONS TO TOTAL POPULATION

Age group Population Percentage
All Ages 1,028,610,328 100.0
0 - 4 110,447,164 10.7
5 - 9 128,316,790 12.5
10 - 14 124,846,858 12.1
15- 19 100,215,890 9.7
20 - 24 89,764,132 8.7
25 - 44 284,008,819 27.6
45 - 64 139,166,661 13.5
65 - 79 41,066,824 4.0
80+ 8,038,718 0.8
Less Than 18 422,808,543 41.1
Less than 21 492,193,906 47.9
Age no stated 2,738,472 0.3
Source : C2 and C14 Table, India, Census of India 2001.

 

   The number ‘Widowed’ persons, mostly females, are more than 44 million in the country. In the age group 15-49 years, the prime child bearing age group, 81.4% of the women are married. This percentage is high due to lower female age at marriage in many parts of the country.

   

TABLE 7: POPULATION BY MARITAL STATUS AND SEX: INDIA – 2001

Marital status Number of Persons ( in '000) Percentage (%)
Persons Males Females Males Females
Total 1,028,610  532,157 496,454 100 100
Never Married 512,668  289,619 223,048 49.8 54.4
Married 468,593  231,820 236,773 45.6 43.6
Widowed 44,019  9,729 34,290 4.3 1.8
Divorced / Separated 3,331 988 2,343 0.3 0.2
Source : C2 and C14 Table, India, Census of India 2001

   The following graph present the percentage of males and females to total males and females by their marital status in India as per Census 2001. As per Census 2001, the mean age at marriage for females, who married in the last five years, has been 23.5 years in the country. Among females the mean age at marriage varied from 17.8 years (Rajsthan) to 24.0 years (Goa), while among males it varied from 20.5 years (Rajsthan) to 28.2 years (Goa).